|Xoloitzcuintli image from akc.org|
The exotic name comes from the Aztec God Xolotl, and their word for dog: Itzcuintli. They are also called "Mexican Hairless" and "Tepezcuintli."
The dogs are believed to safeguard a home from evil spirits and intruders, and have a reputation as healers. The Aztecs allegedly believed the Xolo helped guide souls to the afterlife.
There are three sizes: toy (10-14 inches at the shoulder), miniature (14-18 inches), and standard (18-23 inches tall). The breed is known to be calm, tranquil, loyal, and intelligent, and they make great companion dogs.